The name of the crackdown on China is 'Quad', know why these 4 big countries came together against 'Dragon' 17 years ago
In America, there was a historic meeting and conversation between the heads of state of India, Australia, Japan and America. These talks took place under the 'Quad' summit. But what is this quad after all? What is the benefit of India from Quad and why is China so afraid of Quad and how can China be prevented from entering Indian Ocean through Quad? After all, why did these four big countries come together against China 17 years ago? Let's know-
What is Quad?
Quad (QUAD) means Quadrilateral Security Dialogue. India, Japan, America and Australia came together after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. It was named 'Tsunami Core Group'. At that time, this alliance played an important role in speeding up the relief and rescue operations. However, the group disintegrated after the immediate objective was achieved. In 2007 the idea of the formation of the Quad was floated by the then Prime Minister of Japan AB Shinzo. However, Australia did not support and this alliance did not materialise. Just before the ASEAN summit in 2017, Australia's views changed and the Quad came into existence.
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Whether it is in the Indo-Pacific region or beyond, the world's democratic countries are looking at the Quad as a crackdown on China's growing ambitions. It is believed that an economic and strategic alliance parallel to China can challenge it. At present, the Quad is a temporary group, which can be molded into an economic and security based international organization. At present, India has shown that it is ready to face China while moving on the policy of self-reliance.
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America's economic interests are linked to the Hindu-Pacific region. According to a UN report, in 2019, US business worth $ 1.9 trillion (about Rs 140 lakh crore) passed through this region touching two oceans and several continents. 42 percent of the world's exports and 38 percent of imports go through here. China's attempt to change the status quo in the region is a matter of concern for the US. On the other hand, the way China is violating democratic values, it has also raised the concern of other Quad countries.
Dimensions of Alliance
Things are changing rapidly around the world. At this time 5G and 6G technologies also need to be stepped up keeping in mind. If we have to face China, then its giant companies in the field of technology cannot be ignored. Similarly, the strategic alliance between India and Japan is a win-win deal for both the countries. Quad countries can also take advantage of their expertise in naval and other matters. With this, China's activities in the South China Sea region can be monitored.
China became a common problem
China's relations with all the Quad member states are tense. China's conflict with America is well known. At the same time, Australia is also lifting China's economic sanctions after demanding an investigation into the source of the Corona epidemic. India and Japan have border disputes with China.
The trade war between the US and China, China's delay in telling the world in the matter of Corona and China's aggressive policy in Wuhan, Hong Kong, Xinjiang and Galvan Valley cases have opened the way for India. India can get huge investment by changing its policies. This will improve the employment situation and India's importance in the Quad will also increase. Quad member countries can enhance defense diplomacy by conducting joint military exercises and strengthening cyber security systems. The Quad is a group of like-minded democratic forces that will be instrumental in ending the ideology of a bipolar world and creating a multilateral system.
America's interests from the Quad
Alliances with other countries of the Quad are natural for the US. It has treaties with Australia and Japan and India is its important strategic partner. Donald Trump's administration strengthened ties with these countries and now the Biden administration is also moving forward on the quad.
There's a lot for Japan too
Former Prime Minister of Japan AB Shinzo acknowledged the importance of the Quad towards ensuring an open and free Hindu-Pacific region. He played a role in preparing the Trump administration for this. Japan is heavily dependent on the sea route for its business from around the world. Japan's defense forces have strengthened ties with Australia and India. Also, it has invested in manufacturing, trade and infra development across the region. China's activism in this area is a cause for concern for Japan, like other Quad member states. Japan is also monitoring China's economic activities in the region. To stop the increasing interference of China, he wants to give new options for cooperation and trade to the countries of Southeast Asia.