Lucknow: India has been ranked fifth among the countries most affected by rapid climate change and according to a shocking information, flood-affected areas of the country are rapidly turning into drought-prone areas.
India's most threatened by climate change
A few years ago, HSBC assessed the threat of climate change on 67 economies of the world, stating that India was the most vulnerable to climate change. India is the fifth most sensitive country in the world according to climate change.
Apart from this, according to research by Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW), more than 75 percent of the districts in the country are facing the threat of climate change. About 63.8 crore people live in these districts in the country.
Seasonal calamities like floods, droughts, storms in India
The staggering part of the report is that in the districts that used to be flooded, now there is drought. Similarly, the districts which were previously drought-stricken are now plagued by the problem of floods. The research analyzes seasonal disasters such as floods, droughts, hurricanes in India in the last 50 years (1970–2019). Along with the pattern of disasters, how many times these disasters have occurred, it was also observed and their effects were studied.
Since 2005, more than 55 districts have been flooded. About 9.75 crore people were affected. In 2010-19, 8 districts including 6 districts of Assam were the most affected. 24 districts were hit by cyclones, affecting about 4.25 crore.
According to the report, where 250 incidents of drought and flood were recorded between 1970 and 2005, there has been a rapid increase between 2005 and 2019. Their number has increased to 310 during this period.
There were floods in 69 districts in 2005
In 2005, only 69 districts were affected by the floods, but in 2019 it increased to 151 districts. Along with this, incidents like landslides, heavy rains, hailstorm and cloudburst have also increased by 12 times since 1970.
Similarly, 68 percent of the country is in the grip of drought. Despite all efforts of the government, the drought-prone area has been steadily increasing in the last 15 years. About 79 districts of the country are affected by this and a population of 14 crore is affected. The number of drought-hit districts has increased 13-fold. Overall, the current phase of climate change can be a big problem for India.