Drones or Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are called small aircraft that are operated by remote. On hearing the name of the first drone, the image that emerged in our mind was usually of conflict, war, terrorist attack or espionage. It was such incidents that introduced the common Indian public to drones. At the moment, the drone is slowly moving away from this negative image. Drones once viewed with suspicion are fast poised to become a vital part of the Indian economy. The Government of India has recently come up with a new drone policy to change the mindset of people regarding drones.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi also mentioned about the new drone policy in his 'Mann Ki Baat' program in the past. The Prime Minister said, 'The new drone policy in the country has made many things easier. Earlier, so many rules, laws and restrictions were placed in this area that it was not possible to use the true potential of the drone. The technology which should have been seen as an opportunity was seen as a crisis.
The new drone policy could prove to be a game changer considering the utility of drones in various sectors. In the future, drones can be used for many business purposes. Till now there were so many rules and restrictions in the drone sector that it was not possible to use its real potential. If drones had to be flown for any work, then there was a huge hassle of getting license and permission for this. Therefore, India's new drone policy has been prepared keeping in mind the future. Drones can be used to perform a variety of tasks. Drones can easily reach such inaccessible areas where manned aircraft etc. are difficult and dangerous to reach.
Drone technology is being used in almost all fields to simplify such complex tasks all over the world. Such as border monitoring, archaeological surveys, surveillance for police and military, counting and tagging of goods in warehouses, detection of conditions inside high towers and deep tunnels, detection of toxic gases inside mines, photography and Shooting of films, Reporting of sports, Conservation of endangered species, Extinguishing forest fires, Monitoring of oil and gas pipelines, Land surveying and information on encroachment, Monitoring of forests and wildlife, Delivery of goods by e-commerce companies Drone technology is proving useful for survey of rail and road routes, agricultural works, disaster management etc.
Under the new drone policy, the central government has encouraged drone flying by removing the long list of rules. This is the reason why drone startup companies are growing rapidly in India. This policy has not only liberalized the rules regarding drone flying, but has also opened new avenues for employment generation. After the advent of the new drone policy, many drone startups have been invested by foreign and domestic investors. Many companies are also setting up their manufacturing units in India. The Army, Air Force and Navy have also placed orders worth over Rs 500 crore to Indian drone companies.
Moving towards Air Taxi:The new drone policy is also being considered as the first step towards air taxi. It may sound strange right now, but scientists and engineers all over the world are researching on air taxi and many new startups are also emerging about it. Most of the drones in the world are used for carrying out military activities. The business of drones for military use is worth billions of dollars. Drones are used for reconnaissance or reconnaissance, intelligence gathering or espionage. Drones prove to be very useful in mountainous areas, inaccessible areas, beaches or in border areas where no troops or soldiers can reach. It is true that in the future, the biggest development work regarding drones will be in the military sector, but with the advent of the new drone policy, its commercial scope is also expected to be much wider.
According to experts, the purpose of the new drone policy is to make India self-reliant in the field of drones. This is the beginning of a new era for drones and new startups to create new business policies and new business avenues for themselves. This will create employment opportunities in the future as well as get better results in less expenditure. Drones can make a significant contribution to economic growth and employment generation, especially in remote rural areas due to their accessibility, multifunctionality and ease of use. Earlier drone policies were hampering a long and complicated process like getting permission from government departments. But now decisions like easing the permission for non-commercial use of nano drones from single window systems will prove beneficial for this sector.